Major Scales, Natural Minor Scales & Harmonic Minor Scales

My Major Scales

Above is a Chart of Major Scales I put together

The C major Scale, the core scale in music, has 7 whole notes and looks like this:


The entire scale with sharps/flats has 12 notes in all, and looks like this:

(B) C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B (C)

which is equal to this:

(B) C Db D Eb E F Gb G Ab A Bb B (C)

  • C-B & E-F dont have half-step sharp/flats between them, since there is only a half-steps to the next whole note
  • The Step from a whole note to the next sharp/ flat in either direction is called a Halftone
  • The Step from one whole note, traveling two half-steps in either direction is called a

Traveling the entire C Major Scale above, the jump of notes goes as follows:

  • C to D = Whole
  • D to E = Whole
  • E to F = Half
  • • F to G = Whole
  • G to A = Whole
  • A to B = Whole
  • B back to C = Half

That’s: Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Half, which is C w D w E h F
w G w A w B h, or simply W, W, H, W, W, W, H

To Create a Major Scale in any other chord, you simply follow the same w, w, h, w, w, w, h progression

  • So to make a D Scale, you simply begin on D and move w, w, h, w, w, w, h, which is:
    • D, E, F#/Gb, G, A, B, C#/Db, since we moved like this: D w E w F#/Gb h G w A w B w C#/Db h back to D

This works for all Major Notes & Scales, but the C Major scale is the only one without Sharps or Flats

Minor Scales:

Minor Scales are created by flattening the 3rd, 6th, & 7th chords in the scale by one half-tone or half-step each, or starting at each letter, going whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole, or “w – h – w – w – h – w – w”

So C Major Scale C D E F G A B, becomes C, D, D#/Eb, F, G, G#/Ab, A#, Bb
This is known as a Natural Minor Scale. You can create a Harmonic Minor Scale by only flattening the 3rd position, and leaving the 6th & 7th as they are in the Major Scale (also known as ‘raising’ the 6th & 7th notes of a Natural Minor Scale by a half-step each)

Here is a Chart for Natural Minor Scales:

My Minor Scales

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